As a sequel to my earlier article Read here on Nigeria’s rising drug and substance abuse, I received lots of emails and WhatsApp messages asking me to detail how substances commonly abused can be detected.
Majority of these emails came from concerned parents and teachers some of whom have had to deal with a drug-related crisis. Others work regularly with teenagers, youth and even young adults.
Hence, I have decided to put a detailed compilation of drugs, their classification and street names. It is imperative to state that this list was not originally compiled by me. However, as I was conducting my research I saw this on my office notice board and volar it solved my problems.
|DRUG CLASSIFICATION||DRUG EXAMPLES||NAMES||STREET NAMES||SYMPTOMS OF ABUSE||DURATION AND METHOD OF USE||CONSEQUENCES|
|Narcotics||Opium, Morphine, Codeine, Heroin Semi-Synthetic||Opiate derivatives FENTANYL METHADONE||Opium powder, smack, stuff, codeine, table injection||Euphoria, mental clouding, apathy, drowsiness, poor concentration, emotional disinhibition, reduced sexual urge||3-6 hrs. |
|Produces physical and psychological dependence, lower body immunity|
|Stimulants||Cocaine, coca leaf, Cigarettes, tobacco, tea, kolanuts||Cocaine, Pemoline, Amphetamine||Coke, crack, speed uppers, show rock,||Trembling, emotional disillusion, drowsiness, nose bleeding, sleeplessness, lack of interest, loss of appetite& weight, rapid pulse, euphoria, restlessness and increased alertness trembling||1-2 hrs. |
drug dependency, chronic cough, heart attack, brain damage, thought disorientation, violence and premature death
|Sedatives/Depressants||Barbiturates, Benzodia, Zephines, Cloral, Hydrate||Secorbatital Amobarbital Phenobarbital I Diazepam II Chlordiazepoxide III Lorazepam||Valium, Librium, Lexetan, Ativan||Memory impairment, slurred speed, drunken behaviour without odour of alcohol||1-6 hrs. Taken orally, injection or rectal||Drug dependency, muscle contraction, extreme fear, convulsion, toxic psychosis, premature death|
|Cannabis||Marijuana, Hashish, Hashish oil, Tetra Hydro Cannabinol||Marijuana||Grass, weed, stone, ganja, keya, pol weewee, igbo THC||Impaired concentration, emotional disinhibition, disoriented perception, panic attacks, cough, blood shot eyes, increased appetite||2-4 hrs. Smoking and cooking with it||Drug dependency, lung disease, brain damages, infertility & possible birth defects, mental retardation in unborn child|
|Alcohol||Alcohol||Alcohol & Anxiolytic drugs||Beer, shakis, booze, sapele water, ogogoro, whisky, palmy etc||Staggering, excitement, emotional disinhibition, slurred speech & bad breath||Variable. Taken orally||Neurological damage, temporal and pregnancy psychosis, liver sclerosis, dependency, weight loss, toxicity, damage to brain, liver, lungs &kidney|
|Inhalants (volatile solvents)||Volatile solvents e.g. Kerosene, gasoline, rubber solution, aerosol (perfumes), nail polish remover||inhalant||Gasoline, correction fluid, rubber solution, butyl nitrate, gum, aerosol nail polish remover||Euphoria, emotional disinhibition, sneezing, perception panic attacks, cough, bloodshot eyes, thirst, bad breath & nausea||variable. Inhalation||Toxicity, damage to lungs, brain, liver and bone marrow. Blindness, dependency and sudden death|
|Hallucinogens||Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD), Mescaline||LSD||LSD, PCP, angel dust, peyote Cactus||Thinking disorder, poor perception of distance, time space and body image, anxiety, illusion, euphoria & hallucinations||8-12hrs *taken orally *injection||Flashback, panic reaction, violence, psychosis, bad trips, dependency and sudden death|
|Designer drugs||Amphetamine variant, Dexamphetamine||Tramadol, synthetic stimulants||china white, Trams, Demerol, MPPP, STP, MDA, Ecstasy, MMDA, TMA||May cause Heroin-like symptoms||Variable *taken orally *injection||crippling effects, dizziness, euphoria, insomnia, tremors, headaches, irritability and restlessness. Increased blood pressure, tachycardia palpitation and possible death|
|Anabolic drugs||Hormones||Gestrinone, Mestrione, Danazol||Steroids||Development of male characteristics in females, excessive body build||Variable *taken orally *injection||Sterility, cancer, stunted growth in young people|
Having read through the table above, note there is a correlation between drug abuse and HIV/AIDS infection. As a result of the ‘highnesses’ of these drugs, most of the addicts involve in sexual orgies which are often unprotected leading to exposure and possible infection of HIV.
You may ask what the list can do for you especially if you have not had a direct confrontation with a drug addict. This will help you detect behavioural changes in your wards. In addition, if you hear any of the street names (which were not exhaustive) in their conversation, you will be able to know what you are dealing with.
Like I always say, don’t live in denial. Drug and substance abuse is not just carried out by touts anymore but by highly placed intellectuals and professionals. By very intelligent students in secondary schools and the universities who desire to read longer hours and excel.
As noble as their excuse maybe, drug dependency is a misnomer, a set up for organ failure and premature death if not dealt with rapidly.